When And What Was The Irish Famine And Why Did So Many Irish People Come To England, Scotland And Wales?
The causes and effects of the Famine are complex and rooted in the social, economic and political history of Ireland.
Although Ireland have suffered from many famines the worst of these ~ the Great Famine began surrounded by 1845 and lasted for approximately six years.
In the mid -1800's Ireland was one of the poorest countries in the Western World.
With a population of over eight million it be heavily reliant on agriculture. The average tenant farmer and his family lived at a subsistence level on smaller amount than ten acres. The potato was the main crop and constituted the bulk of the diet for the majority of the poorer people. An average workman would consume up to fourteen pounds of potatoes per light of day.
The Famine began in September 1845. An airborne fungus (phytophthora infestans) transported in the holds of ships traveling from North America spread onto the manor, infesting the potato crops.
There are many debates concerning the role of the British Government and absentee landlords within the Famine era. It is an emotive issue and well covered elsewhere.
1847 was known as Black Forty- Seven. Few race in many areas had employment and over three million relatives were undernourished and starving to death. Over 100,000 Irish folks attempted the journey to Canada in this year.
Ireland is in your hand, in your power. If you do not save her, she cannot save herself. I solemnly phone up upon you to recollect that I predict with the sincerest conviction that a quarter of her population will perish unless you come to her relief.
Daniel O'Connell to the British House of Commons, 1847.
The poorest Irish could not afford the fares to America or Canada; they sail to the British mainland. The main areas of arrival were Liverpool, Glasgow and the Welsh ports. An estimated 300,000 destitute Irish people arrived surrounded by Liverpool in 1847. Between 1849 ~ 1852 1,241,410 Irish immigrants arrived and passed through Liverpool.
St. Lukes Church, Leece Street, Liverpool has a memorial to the victims of the Famine.
The Wales Famine Forum be responsible for the erection, in 1999 of a Celtic Cross (worked from Irish limestone and Welsh stone) in the city's Cathays Cemetery on the 150th anniversary of the Famine.
Over a million people fled Ireland during the Famine and an estimated 700,000 ~ 1,000,000 died during the interval from 1845- 1851
Many British people today have Irish ancestry.
Views of the Famine from contemporary sources can be found at vassun.vassar.edu
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